So maybe you leak occasionally. But do you know exactly what type of incontinence you have?

Knowing what kind of incontinence you are experiencing is vital to ensuring you know the right products to help you manage bladder leakage, but also to ensure you get the right treatment, because the different types have different causes.

The two most common types of incontinence are Stress Incontinence and Urge Incontinence.


Stress incontinence

Do you sometimes leak when you’re exercising, sneezing or coughing? This kind of bladder leakage is called stress incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs when you lose urine after pressure is placed on your abdomen. This can happen during exercise, sexual activity, sneezing, coughing, laughing or hugging. Stress incontinence is very common in women, and is often related to weakened pelvic floor muscles from childbirth. Men often experience stress incontinence after surgery for prostate cancer.


Urge incontinence

Do you sometimes feel a sudden need to urinate, and can’t control that urge? If this is you, you are probably experiencing urge incontinence. Urge incontinence can mean that you can leak some urine before you make it to the toilet. Urge incontinence is caused by the main contractor muscle in the bladder, which can’t properly control when to store or release urine.

Unfortunately, sometimes stress and urge incontinence can occur together. To manage stress or urge incontinence reusable absorbent underwear can be a great option, as it looks and feels just like regular underwear but will absorb any leaks when they happen. To see the full range of Confitex underwear see here.


Other types of incontinence are Overflow Incontinence, Functional Incontinence and Reflex Incontinence.


Overflow incontinence

Does your bladder empty completely when you go to the toilet? If not, you may be experiencing overflow incontinence. Bladder dysfunction can be from some kind of obstruction to the bladder or urethra, or a lack of proper bladder contraction, and can cause overflow incontinence. As a result your bladder may not empty completely when you go to the toilet, which can cause frequent urine leakage. Overflow incontinence is often caused by things like medications, conditions like diabetes, and spinal injury or diseases like multiple sclerosis. Because overflow incontinence often leads to frequent small leaks reusable absorbent underwear is the best product available for managing these leaks.


Functional incontinence

Functional incontinence occurs when an individual has control of their own urination, and has a fully functional urinary tract, but cannot get to the bathroom in time due to a physical or cognitive disability. Some of the conditions that can cause functional incontinence are arthritis, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease. Functional incontinence can be managed using disposable incontinence nappies or reusable absorbent underwear, and the choice will depend on the cause and severity of the condition.


Reflex incontinence

Reflex incontinence is a loss of bladder control without any warning. Reflex incontinence is usually caused by some kind of neurological impairment which stops the brain from realizing that the bladder is filling up. This can be caused by things like spinal cord injuries, damage from surgery, or damage from radiation treatment. Reflex incontinence can often involve large amounts of leakage, and may be best managed using high-absorbency disposable nappies.


So now you know a bit more about the different types of incontinence, and what causes each type. If you want to know more about your incontinence, and what to do about it, the first step is talking to a medical professional.